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Kings

Kings


Kings, First and Second Book of These embrace a period of the history of Israel from B.C. 1015 to B.C. 562. They do not give the commencement of the Kingdom under Saul, nor the

history of David, but begin with the reign of Solomon. In the headings of these books the A.V. adds “Commonly called the ‘Third Book’ and ‘Fourth Book’ of the Kings” (copied probably from the LXX or the Vulgate, for this addition is not in the Hebrew), the two books of Samuel being the First and Second. The Kingdom was at its height in the reign of Solomon, but because of his sin the Kingdom was divided, and after many warnings from God through His Prophets, to both Israel and Judah, both kingdoms were brought to a close, the people being carried away into Captivity, and Jerusalem and the Temple destroyed. See Israel, Judah, and the Various Kings The books of the Kings differ from the books of the Chronicles in that the former treat of kingly power established by God in the nation of Israel; (and, though it failed and apostatised, the will of God in its establishment will be carried out when Christ administers the government of God in power:) whereas the Chronicles are principally occupied with the house of David, and God’s promises concerning it. The Chronology of the period of the kings can be fairly well ascertained if it is remembered that parts of years were always reckoned as full years. In most cases, when a king began to reign, it is stated what year it was of the king reigning in the other Kingdom, and these cross references help to check both lists. The dates are approximately as follows. The names of the contemporary Prophets are also added.

CHRONOLOGY OF THE KINGS
B C
1095 Saul anointed king — Kingdom of Israel begins.
1055 David king
1015 Solomon king
1012 …Temple begun, 4th year of Solomon, 490th year from Exodus, 1 Kings 6:1
1005 …Dedication of the Temple, llth year of Solomon, 1 Kings 6:38
The Kingdom Divided
JUDAH ISRAEL
975 Rehoboam, 17 Jeroboam, 22 (21) 1 Kings 14:20,21
SHEMAIAH, prophet AHIJAH, prophet
971 …Shishak king of Egypt attacks Jerusalem 25
958 Abijam, or Abijah, 3 …18th year 15:1,2
955 Asa, 41 …20th year 9,10
954 …2nd year Nabah, 2 (1) 25
953 …3rd year Baasha,24 (23) 33
941 …Zerah attacks Asa, 2 Chronicles 14:9
AZARIAH, prophet
940 …Asa leagues with Benhadad 1, king
of Syria
18
HANANI, prophet JEHU, prophet 16:1
930 …26th year Elah,2(l) 16:8
929 …27th year Zimri –12 15
925 …31st year Omri and Tibni // 23
…Samaria built by Omri 24
918 …38th year Ahab, 22 (21) 29
914 Jehoshaphat, 25 (23) …4th year 22:41
ELIJAH, prophet 17:1
901 …Benhadad II, king of Syria, besieges
……Samaria 20:1-21
JEHU, prophet MICAIAH, son of Imlah, prophet
897 …17th year, Jehoram regent Ahaziah, 2(1) 22:51
ELIEZER, son of Dodavah; prophet
896 …18th year, 2nd of Jehoram Jehoram, 12 2 Kings 1:17; 3:1
ELISHA, prophet
891 Jehoram, 8 (6) (his father being alive) …5th year 8:16,17
885 …Hazael murders and succeeds
Benhadad
15
885 Ahaziah, 1 …12th year 25
Ahab’s house extinct
884 Athaliah,6 Jehu, 28 10:13; 11:3
878 Joash. or Jehoash, 40 (39) …7th year 12:1
856 …23rd year Jehoabaz, 17 (16) 13:1
841 …37th year Jehoash, or Joash, co-regent, 16 10
840 …Benhadad III, son of Hazael, king
of Syria,
……2 Kings 13, etc
839 Amaziah, 29 …2nd year. Joash reigns alone 14:1
836 Jeroboam II. co-regent
825 …15th year Jeroboam II. alone, 41 JONAH 14:23
810 Azariah, or Uzziah, 52 …27th year (from 83(5) 15:1
ZECHARIAH, seer, 2 Chronicles 26:5 JOEL HOSEA [Interregnum 11 years from 784.] AMOS
776 ..Era of
the Olympiads begins
.
773 …38th year . Zachariah, 6 months 8
772 …39th year . Shallum, 1 month 13
771 Pul, king . Menahem,10 17
761 …50th year . …of Assyria, invades Israel 1 Chronicles 5:26 19
759 …52nd year . Pekahiah, 2 23
768 Jotham, 16 … … MICHAH ISAIAH . Pekah, 20 27
753 Rome
built
. . …2nd year 32
745 Later Assyrian empire founded by . . the era A.U.C. (Years of Rome)
begins
Tiglath Pileser II. or III . . Israel
and Syria doomed, Isaiah 7 and 8
742 Ahaz, 16(15) … … MICAH . .
…Invasion by Pekah and Rezin; Ahaz . . …17th year 16:1
……comforted. Isaiah 7:2-25 . . Alliance
with Rezin, king of Damascus,
741 …Second invasion . . Isaiah
7:1,2; invades Judah
5
740 …Calls in Tiglath-pileser . . …Captives released through ODEO,
prophet
…Idolatrous altar in the temple . . …Tiglath-pileser kills Beziu, and
destroys
Temple despoiled . . ……Damascus 7-9
. . …Captivity of two and a half
tribes east of
. . ……the Jordan, and some west of
the Jordan
. . ……2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:26
. . …Israel tributary to Assyia
739 . . …Hoshea kills Pekah in what would have
. . ……been the 20th of Jotham 15:30
. . ………Anarchy for 9 years. Hosea
10
730 …12th year . . Hoshea,9 17:1
727 …Shalmaneser succeeds
Tiglath-pileser
. . …Shalmaneser makes Hoshea tributary 3
727 Hezekiah, 29 . . …3rd year 18:1
725 …So (or Sobaco) king of Egypt . HOSEA …Hoshea revolts from Assyria. He
relies
MICAH . ……on So, king of Egypt.
Imprisoned by
. ……Shalmaneser 17:4
722 …Sargon, king of Assyria . …Samaria taken 5
…6th year = 9th year of Hosea (2
Kings 18:10)
. The
rest of Israel carried into captivity
6
721 …Merodach-baladan, k. of Babylon . End of the Kingdom of Israel
714 …Sennacherib, co-regent with
Sargon,
.
……invades Judea NAHUM . 18:13
714 …Sickness of Hezekiah . 20:1
712 …Merodach sends an embassy to
Hezekiah
.
……Isaiah 39:1 . 20:12
705 …Sennacherib reigns alone .
700 …Sennacherib’s second invasion, 2
Kings 18
.
……17-19:36; His army is
destroyed by an angel
ISAIAH
698 Manasseh, 55 (Reference)
2 Kings 21:1
681 Sennacherib slain by his sons, and Esar-haddon succeeds
him.
19:37
Esar-haddon, king of Assyria, rebuilds Babylon, and
reigns over both kingdoms.
678 Esar-haddon plants a colony of foreigners in Samaria Ezra 4:2 2 Kings 17:24
677 Manasseh carried to Babylon, but released 2 Chronicles.33:11-13
643 Amon, 2. 21:19
641 Josiah, 31. 22:1
634 …Median empire founded by Cyaxares (Ahasuerus of Daniel 9:1). ZEPHANIAH
625 …Nabo-polassar founds the later Babylonian empire. HABAKKUK JEREMIAH
610 …Neko (or Pharaoh-nechoh), king of Egypt, attacks Babylon. |
…Josiah slain in battle by Pharaoh-nechoh. | 2 Kings 23:29
610 Jehoahaz, 3 months. | 23:31
610 Jehoiakim, 11 | 23:36
…Nineveh destroyed by the Medes and Babylonians about 606 |
606 …4th year. Nebuchadnezzar co-regent with
Nabo-polassar.
DANIEL |
…Battle of Carchemish. 2 Chronicles 35:20; Jeremiah 46:2 | |
606 …Jeremiah prophesies of 70 years’ captivity Jeremiah 25 | |
…Nebuchadnezzar defeats Necho Jeremiah 46:2 | |
606 …Jerusalem taken—captives and vessels carried to Babylon. First Captivity of Judah | |
604 …Nabo-polassar dies. Nebuchadnezzar reigns alone king
of Babylon.
| |
603 …Jehoiakim revolts from Nebuchadnezzar | |
599 Jehoiachin, 3 months | | 2 Kings 24:6-8
…Jerusalem taken by Nebuchadnezzar The Great Captivity | | 2 Kings 24:12
599 Zedekiah, 11 | |
593 …Zedekiah rebels against the king of Babylon Jeremiah 52:3 EZEKIEL | | 2 Kings 24:20
590 …Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem | | | 2 Kings 25:1
…Nebuchadnezzar leaves to meet the king of Egypt | | |
588 …Jerusalem taken and destroyed, in the 11th year of
Zedekiah, and 19th of
| | |
……Nebuchadnezzar (from 606) | | | 2 Kings 25:8
LAMENTATIONS | | |
End of the Kingdom of Judah | | |
OBADIAH | | JEREMIAH
561 …Evil-merodach succeeds Nebuchadnezzar EZEKIEL |
538 …Babylon taken.  End of the Empire of Babylon |
536 …Cyrus reigns alone in Babylon  Return of the Jews Ezra 1 DANIEL
515 …The temple dedicated Ezra 6:15 HAGGAI ZECHARIAH
475 …Artaxerxes succeeds Xerxes
468 ……7th year. The commission to Ezra Ezra 7:8
455 ……20th year. The commission to Nehemiah to rebuild the city Nehamiah 2 (See Seventy Weeks)
425 ………Compare Malachai 2:11-17 with Nehemiah 13:23-30

Original text taken from the New and Concise Bible Dictionary published by G. Morish, London

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